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10th-class-English-Grammar-online-bits

PREPARED BY,

P.MALLIKARJUNARAO, S.A, GUNTUR

10th Class Public Exams English subject Grammar Online bits.

10th ENGLISH PAPER-1 ONLINE TEST-1

10th ENGLISH PAPER-2 ONLINE TEST-1

ENGLISH GRAMMAR PARTS OF SPEECH 

The 8 parts of speech

1. Nouns

2. Pronouns

3. Adjectives

4. Verbs

5. Adverbs

6. Prepositions

7. Conjunctions

8. Articles

ONLINE QUIZE

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS TENSES

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS PARTS OF SPEECH

 DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH

There are many occasions in which we need to describe an event or action that happened, and very often that includes repeating what someone said. Such occasions can include a social situation as well as in a work email or presentation. In order to describe what people said there are two different types of speech – direct speech and indirect speech (or reported speech)

Reported Speech is also known as Direct and Indirect Speech or Narration. In Indirect Speech, we convey the speaker’s message in our own words. Thus, the message can be conveyed in 2 ways.

  1. Direct Speech

  2. Indirect Speech

Direct speech is known as repeating the exact words spoken and Indirect speech is known as reporting the words.

ONLINE BITS

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH

QUESTION TAGS 

We can add question tags like isn’t it?can you? or didn’t they? to a statement to make it into a question. Question tags are more common in speaking than writing.

We often use question tags when we expect the listener to agree with our statement. In this case, when the statement is positive, we use a negative question tag.

Tag questions (or question tags) turn a statement into a question. They are often used for checking information that we think we know is true.

ONLINE BITS

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS QUESTION TAGS

CLAUSES

A clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a verb.

A clause functions as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.

A clause contrasts with a phrase, which does not contain a subject and a verb. The distinction between a clause and a phrase is clearer when you see them side by side:

A clause “a group of words containing a subject and predicate and functioning as a member of a complex or compound sentence.

ONLINE BITS

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS CLAUSES

DEGREES OF COMPARISION

  1. The Positive Degree. This offers no comparison. …

  2. The Comparative Degree. This compares two things to show which has the lesser or greater degree of the quality. …

  3. The Superlative Degree. This compares more than two things to show which has the least or greatest degree of the quality.

Degrees of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.

There are three Degrees of Comparison in English.

1. Positive degree.

2. Comparative degree.

3. Superlative degree.

ONLINE BITS

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS DEGREES OF COMPARISON

PREPOSIONTS

Prepositions are words which begin prepositional phrases.

A prepositional phrase is a group of words containing a preposition, a noun or pronoun object of the preposition, and any modifiers of the object.

A preposition sits in front of (is “pre-positioned” before) its object.

  1. Prepositions indicate relationships between other words in a sentence.

  2. Many prepositions tell you where something is or when something happened.

  3. Most prepositions have several definitions, so the meaning changes quite a bit in different contexts.

  4. Ending a sentence with a preposition is not a grammatical error.

  5. ONLINE BITS

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS PREPOSITIONS

ARTICLES

What is an article? Basically, an article is an adjective. Like adjectives, articles modify nouns.

English has two articles: the and a/anThe is used to refer to specific or particular nouns; a/an is used to modify non-specific or non-particular nouns. We call the the definite article and a/an the indefinite article.

the = definite article

a/an = indefinite article

For example, if I say, “Let’s read the book,” I mean a specific book. If I say, “Let’s read a book,” I mean any book rather than a specific book.

ONLINE BITS

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS ARTICLES

Sentences

A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. A
sentence always begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop,
a question mark or an exclamation mark.
Kinds of Sentences:
1. Assertive or Declarative Sentence – Is a sentence that say or state
something. Assertive Sentence can also be negative.
eg: I was born in Allahabad.
I was not born in Allahabad
2. Imperative Sentence – Is a sentence that express a command, a
request or an advice.
eg: You may enter – command
Pass me the salt, please – request
Don’t eat too much salt – advice
3. Interrogative Sentence – Is a sentence that ask questions. It can be
a yes or no – question or a wh-question.
eg: Who are you?
Did you brush your teeth?
Where does he live?
4. Exclamatory Sentence – Is a sentence that express some strong
feeling or emotion.

An exclamatory sentence always ends with an
exclamation mark.
eg: What a fabulous idea

ONLINE BITS

ENGLISH 10TH CLASS TYPES OF SENTENCES

Change the following sentences as directed in brackets.
1. It is good idea. (negative)
Ans: It is not a good idea.
2. He completed the painting. (Interrogative)
Ans: Did he complete the painting?
3. She was a wonderful human being. (Exclamatory)
Ans: What a wonderful human being she was!
4. How can I forget my school days? (Assertive)
Ans: I cannot forget my school days.
5. Please come in and shut the door. (Assertive)
Ans: You can come in and shut the door.
6. I will never see you again. (Affirmative)
Ans: I will miss you forever.
7. You must not shout. (Imperative)
Ans: Don’t shout.
8. He is a rascal. (Exclamatory)
Ans: How rascal he is!
9. Who ever thought he would die like this? (Assertive)
Ans: No one thought he would die like this.
10. Shut the window, please. (Interrogative)
Ans: Can you shut the window?
Subject and Predicate
Every sentences is made up of two parts – the Subject and the Predicate.
The first part of the sentence that names what the sentence is about is called the subject.
The second part of the sentence says something about the subject is called the predicate.
Eg: The captain received the trophy.
The captain – is the subject
Received the trophy – is the predicate
In imperative sentence, the subject is always ‘You’.
Eg: Take boiled water. This sentence actually means – You must take boiled water.

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