P.MALLIKARJUNARAO, S.A, GUNTUR
10th Class Public Exams English subject Grammar Online bits.
ENGLISH GRAMMAR PARTS OF SPEECH
The 8 parts of speech
DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH
There are many occasions in which we need to describe an event or action that happened, and very often that includes repeating what someone said. Such occasions can include a social situation as well as in a work email or presentation. In order to describe what people said there are two different types of speech – direct speech and indirect speech (or reported speech)
Reported Speech is also known as Direct and Indirect Speech or Narration. In Indirect Speech, we convey the speaker’s message in our own words. Thus, the message can be conveyed in 2 ways.
Direct speech is known as repeating the exact words spoken and Indirect speech is known as reporting the words.
We can add question tags like isn’t it?, can you? or didn’t they? to a statement to make it into a question. Question tags are more common in speaking than writing.
We often use question tags when we expect the listener to agree with our statement. In this case, when the statement is positive, we use a negative question tag.
Tag questions (or question tags) turn a statement into a question. They are often used for checking information that we think we know is true.
A clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a verb.
A clause functions as an adjective, an adverb, or a noun.
A clause contrasts with a phrase, which does not contain a subject and a verb. The distinction between a clause and a phrase is clearer when you see them side by side:
A clause “a group of words containing a subject and predicate and functioning as a member of a complex or compound sentence.
DEGREES OF COMPARISION
The Positive Degree. This offers no comparison. …
The Comparative Degree. This compares two things to show which has the lesser or greater degree of the quality. …
The Superlative Degree. This compares more than two things to show which has the least or greatest degree of the quality.
Degrees of Comparison are used when we compare one person or one thing with another.
There are three Degrees of Comparison in English.
1. Positive degree.
2. Comparative degree.
3. Superlative degree.
Prepositions are words which begin prepositional phrases.
A prepositional phrase is a group of words containing a preposition, a noun or pronoun object of the preposition, and any modifiers of the object.
A preposition sits in front of (is “pre-positioned” before) its object.
Prepositions indicate relationships between other words in a sentence.
Many prepositions tell you where something is or when something happened.
Most prepositions have several definitions, so the meaning changes quite a bit in different contexts.
Ending a sentence with a preposition is not a grammatical error.